Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) can happen to anyone, at any time, through accident or illness.
ABI can cause physical and/or psychological difficulties eg, impacting upon our ability to undertake activities of daily life (ADL) and affecting the way we think and behave, in everyday situations.
We can help you with assessing initial and on-going needs, offering treatment where appropriate, to improve clients’ function, independence and quality of life. This may be through equipment provision, property adaptation & training.
Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a condition which can result in minimal to major difficulties with muscular control, positioning and our general development.We may have disturbance in muscle tone, which can be high (tight) or low (floppy).This means that practical activities may be difficult to undertake.
We can help you with assessing needs, offering treatment where appropriate, to improve function, independence and quality of life.This may be through equipment provision, splinting, treatment programmes, advice and liaison with educational staff.
Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is a movement-skill condition which affects accuracy of performance.It becomes more apparent when a child reaches school age, as their abilities can begin to differ from those of their peers.A child’s schoolwork and everyday tasks eg, handwriting, PE, organisational and planning skills, understanding of lesson presentation, feeding, dressing and play skills can be affected.
We can help with a detailed assessment, taking into consideration the child’s, carers’ and teaching staff’s concerns.We can then design a child-specific treatment programme, which is tailored to each individual child’s needs.
Within school, therapy-specific targets are closely linked to lesson plans, statements of Special Educational Needs (SEN) and Individual Education Plans (IEP).Therapists will treat in school, as often as the child’s needs dictate.We will also advise teaching staff to continue these programmes, away from therapy sessions.
At home, therapy-specific targets are designed alongside discussion with the child, carers and support network.Assistance can be offered in the areas of:
- General self-care (eg brushing teeth, hair brushing, shoe laces, zips, buttons).
Sensory Processing Disorder is a condition causing difficulties with receiving, processing and responding to information about our environment and from our own body ie, seeing/hearing/feeling/smelling/balance and proprioception.
We can react and behave unusually and find things harder to do.Typical difficulties are planning/organisation/learning/avoiding activities and difficulties with activities of daily living.
We can help with providing a detailed assessment of sensory difficulties and offer advice and/or treatment, where appropriate.
Click on the coloured segements in the image below to learn more about what each area of the brain does.
Situated/located behind the forehead
Frontal lobe injury can cause changes in personality and many different kinds of cognitive and memory deficits.
The frontal lobes are the largest part of the brain structure. It is the area of the brain
responsible for ‘higher-cognitive functions’ including:
– Problem solving;
– Primary motor movements;
– Modulation of behaviour.
This part of the brain is relatively immature during childhood and develops over time. The
frontal lobe is extremely vulnerable to injury due to its location.
Located behind the ears
The temporal lobe is responsible for sensory processing including:
The temporal lobe also contains the ‘language area’ of the brain.
The left temporal lobe processes receptive language and the right processes musical
Located at the back & top of the head, behind the frontal lobes
The parietal lobe plays a role in sensation of touch, smell and taste. It also processes
sensory and spatial awareness. The parietal lobe is responsible for the processing of
information about body sensation.
Located at the back of the head
The occipital lobe is involved in processing visual information, including the way in which
visual information is interpreted.
Sits under the cerebral cortex
Meaning ‘little brain’, the cerebellum is connected to the brainstem and is responsible for
body movement and balance. It controls and coordinates and body movement and muscle
The cerebellum develops and stores motor skills that allow us to walk, run, ride a bike and
Largest part of the brain
The cerebral cortex is responsible for the highest level of thinking, moving and behaving. It
looks like a walnut and is divided into two halves; the right and left hemispheres. The left
hemisphere controls the right side of the body and is usually responsible for speech and
language function. The right hemisphere controls the left side of the body and is usually
responsible for processing visual and spatial information.
The two hemispheres are linked by bundles of nerve fibres called ‘corpus callosum’. Each
hemisphere is divided into four parts.
Lower part of the brain
The brainstem links the spinal cord to the brain, “Like a telecommunication cable” (Powell,
1994). It sends messages back and forth between the brain and the rest of the body. The
brainstem is responsible for the basic body functions such as:
– Blood pressure;
– Heart rate;