“Occupational therapy is a profession concerned with promoting health and wellbeing through occupation.
The primary goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to participate in the activities of everyday life”
World Federation of Occupational Therapists
Rehabilitation for Independence
Rehabilitation for Independence is an independent occupational therapy company, offering services to children & adults living with a range of neurological & physical difficulties, throughout the North of England.
Our highly specialised therapy team provide a client-directed approach to maximise independence. We offer therapy in a variety of locations including our client’s home, workplace, nurseries, schools, colleges & the community. We offer a dynamic & holistic approach to our clients, their families & teams which means our therapists will consider all aspects of a client’s life. We provide a dedicated & high level of service, taking into account our client’s development, social situation & family circumstances.
What is Occupational Therapy?
Occupational therapy takes a “whole-person approach” to both mental and physical health and wellbeing and enables individuals to achieve their full potential.
Occupational therapy provides practical support to empower people to facilitate recovery and overcome barriers preventing them from doing the activities (or occupations) that matter to them. This support increases people’s independence and satisfaction in all aspects of life.
“Occupation” as a term refers to practical and purposeful activities that allow people to live independently and have a sense of identity. This could be essential day-to-day tasks such as self-care, work or leisure.
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WHAT IS OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY?
“Occupational therapy is a profession concerned with promoting health and wellbeing through occupation. The primary goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to participate in the activities of everyday life”
World Federation of Occupational Therapists
Learn about the brain
As occupational therapists we fully consider the physical, cognitive, emotional, psychological and behavioural problems which may occur as a consequence of a neurological disorder and understand the impact of a diagnosis from a person-centred perspective.
We work with clients on a range of conditions many affecting their neurological functioning. Some of these conditions include
ABI can cause physical and/or psychological difficulties eg, impacting upon our ability to undertake activities of daily life (ADL) and affecting the way we think and behave, in everyday situations
We can help you with assessing initial and on-going needs, offering treatment where appropriate, to improve clients’ function, independence and quality of life. This may be through equipment provision, property adaptation & training
We can help you with assessing needs, offering treatment where appropriate, to improve function, independence and quality of life.This may be through equipment provision, splinting, treatment programmes, advice and liaison with educational staff.
Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is a movement-skill condition which affects accuracy of performance.It becomes more apparent when a child reaches school age, as their abilities can begin to differ from those of their peers.A child’s schoolwork and everyday tasks eg, handwriting, PE, organisational and planning skills, understanding of lesson presentation, feeding, dressing and play skills can be affected.
We can help with a detailed assessment, taking into consideration the child’s, carers’ and teaching staff’s concerns.We can then design a child-specific treatment programme, which is tailored to each individual child’s needs.
Within school, therapy-specific targets are closely linked to lesson plans, statements of Special Educational Needs (SEN) and Individual Education Plans (IEP).Therapists will treat in school, as often as the child’s needs dictate.We will also advise teaching staff to continue these programmes, away from therapy sessions.
At home, therapy-specific targets are designed alongside discussion with the child, carers and support network.Assistance can be offered in the areas of:
- General self-care (eg brushing teeth, hair brushing, shoe laces, zips, buttons).
We can react and behave unusually and find things harder to do.Typical difficulties are planning/organisation/learning/avoiding activities and difficulties with activities of daily living.
We can help with providing a detailed assessment of sensory difficulties and offer advice and/or treatment, where appropriate.
Spinal Injury is damage or trauma to the spine often caused by a fall, road traffic accident or some specific diseases. The spinal cord is the major bundle of nerves that carry nerve impulses to and from the brain to the rest of the body and damage is known as a Spinal Cord Injury (SCI). This can cause paralysis, affect movement and sensation in parts of the body. This is dependent upon the type and severity of the injury.
Spinal Cord Injuries have an impact on physical skills and the ability to conduct activities of daily living.
We can help by offering assessment, and intervention to improve functional skills and independence. This can be achieved through equipment provision, treatment, compensatory techniques and property adaptations where appropriate.
Learning Disability is a difficulty in receiving, processing, analysing and storing information, which impacts on learning new skills within areas of everyday life. A learning disability can affect understanding of information or situations and independence.
We can help by offering assessment, intervention and advice for daily living activities, life skills, vocational and leisure activities, to improve quality of life and independence.
Orthopaedic Injury is damage to musculoskeletal system or associated structures, such as bones, joints or ligaments. This would normally require surgical procedures and medical intervention.
The injury can impact upon physical skills and functioning within everyday activities.
We can help by offering assessment and intervention for improving strength, access to activities of daily living and participation to increase independence and quality of life. We can assess for equipment provision and property adaptations where required.
Click on the coloured segements in the image below to learn more about what each area of the brain does.
Situated/located behind the forehead
Frontal lobe injury can cause changes in personality and many different kinds of cognitive and memory deficits.
The frontal lobes are the largest part of the brain structure. It is the area of the brain
responsible for ‘higher-cognitive functions’ including:
– Problem solving;
– Primary motor movements;
– Modulation of behaviour.
This part of the brain is relatively immature during childhood and develops over time. The
frontal lobe is extremely vulnerable to injury due to its location.
Located behind the ears
The temporal lobe is responsible for sensory processing including:
The temporal lobe also contains the ‘language area’ of the brain.
The left temporal lobe processes receptive language and the right processes musical
Located at the back & top of the head, behind the frontal lobes
The parietal lobe plays a role in sensation of touch, smell and taste. It also processes
sensory and spatial awareness. The parietal lobe is responsible for the processing of
information about body sensation.
Located at the back of the head
The occipital lobe is involved in processing visual information, including the way in which
visual information is interpreted.
Sits under the cerebral cortex
Meaning ‘little brain’, the cerebellum is connected to the brainstem and is responsible for
body movement and balance. It controls and coordinates and body movement and muscle
The cerebellum develops and stores motor skills that allow us to walk, run, ride a bike and
Largest part of the brain
The cerebral cortex is responsible for the highest level of thinking, moving and behaving. It
looks like a walnut and is divided into two halves; the right and left hemispheres. The left
hemisphere controls the right side of the body and is usually responsible for speech and
language function. The right hemisphere controls the left side of the body and is usually
responsible for processing visual and spatial information.
The two hemispheres are linked by bundles of nerve fibres called ‘corpus callosum’. Each
hemisphere is divided into four parts.
Lower part of the brain
The brainstem links the spinal cord to the brain, “Like a telecommunication cable” (Powell,
1994). It sends messages back and forth between the brain and the rest of the body. The
brainstem is responsible for the basic body functions such as:
– Blood pressure;
– Heart rate;